Bettiol Group

Department of Physics, National University of Singapore

ESP1104 - Introduction to Electronic Systems

I
n this module students learn fundamental principles essential to the design and use of electronic circuits for a variety of different disciplines. Particular emphasis will be given to circuits that are used in research and development, such as sensor amplifiers, filters, and data-acquisition. The module has both analog and digital circuit principles, and involves hands-on construction and testing of circuits during practical sessions that are correlated to tutorial questions.

Learning Outcomes

Upon successful completion of the module, the students should be able to

  • Apply principles to understand and design commonly widely used electronic devices
  • Design analog electronic circuits to measure signals from various sensor and transducers
  • Design electronic circuits that can process analog signals
  • Use sampling circuits and generate sampled data
  • Understand and use Analog to Digital Converters to obtain digital signals
  • Understand different number systems and codes and to be able to convert between them and to perform basic arithmetic operations.
  • Understand the function of the basic logic gates through their truth tables.
  • Learn how to combine the basic logic gates to form more complicated digital circuits.
  • Learn how to reduce digital circuits to the minimum number of components using various reduction techniques such as Karnaugh maps.
  • To understand the function of basic memory elements such as flip flops and shift registers through their truth tables.
  • To learn how to design sequential logic circuits for various applications using excitation and truth tables.
  • To understand how digital signals can be acquired and generated using signal conditioning and computer based instrumentation and software.
Syllabus

  • Basic circuit parameters - Current, voltage energy and power, DC resistive networks, basic principles such as Kirchoffs laws, Thevenin and Nortons theorems
  • Capacitors, inductors and transient response
  • Concept of complex impedance. Power factor for AC circuits and distribution networks and loads.
  • Filters and frequency response - Frequency and transient study of first-order circuits, RC, RL., Second-order circuits, RLC, tuning and damping, Frequency response and resonance, Fourier signal representation.
  • Devices - Diodes, Zener, LEDs, BJT transistors and simple transistor circuits
  • Amplifiers - Pulse and frequency response, feedback and cascade.
  • OP-Amp circuits - Summing, subtracting, integrators and differentiators, negative feedback, inverting and non-inverting amplifiers, difference amplifier and Instrumentation amplifier
  • Basic digital logic circuits - Basic logic gates and representation of numerical data in binary form
  • Combinatorial logic circuits - Combination, synthesis and minimization of logic circuits
  • Flip-flop, SR flip-flop, D flip-flop, and JK flip-flop
  • Sequential logic circuits - Register, counter, and introduction to microcontroller
  • Digital signals, Sampling and sampling theorem, sample and hold, analog to digital conversion
  • Data acquisition systems - Introduction to DAQ systems and basics of LabVIEW
Main textbook

R. Hambley, Electrical Engineering, Prentice Hall, USA, 2005.

Supplemental reading

 P. Horowitz and W. Hill: The Art of Electronics, 2nd ed., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 1989.